Your Perfect Assignment is Just a Click Away

Starting at $8.00 per Page

100% Original, Plagiarism Free, Customized to Your instructions!


To what does the term internal validity refer

To what does the term internal validity refer

76. To what does the term internal validity refer?

a. the degree to which results of a study can be generalized from one sample to another

b. the process of subject selection

c. the development of a treatment

d. the degree to which the results of a study can be attributed to the manipulation of the 

independent variable 

77. Susan has twelve subjects drop out of her study. Which threat to internal validity must she 


a. mortality

b. history

c. selection

d. randomization

78. Many researchers devise “sham” treatments for their control groups to undergo, meaning 

that the control group interacts with researchers in some way that is not thought to impact 

the dependent variable or the outcome. This is done to weaken the argument that the 

treatment group improvement may have occurred in part simply due to the attention this 

group received from the researchers. These researchers are attempting to control for 

which of the following?

a. multiple treatment interference

b. the Hawthorne effect

c. selection

d. experimenter effects 

79. Which experimental design involves one experimental group and three control groups?

a. Solomon four-group design

b. pretest posttest control group design

c. posttest only control group design

d. quasi-experimental design

80. Why use nonequivalent control group design?

a. less cost

b. less time involved

c. easier training

d. because you cannot assign subjects to groups

81. In what design is the cause-and-effect argument strongest?

a. experimental design

b. quasi-experimental design

c. pre-experimental design

d. correlational design

82. In quasi-experimental research, when will the cause of differences between groups occur?

a. during the experiment

b. after the experiment

c. it has already occurred

d. it will never occur

83. Compared to longitudinal studies, cross-sectional studies ______________.

a. are much less expensive

b. have better comparability of groups

c. have higher mortality rates

d. cost the same

84. If you want to answer a research question regarding whether a particular group of subjects 

experiences any significant changes in behavior as they age but you do not have the time or 

money for a traditional longitudinal study, which method would be acceptable?

a. cross-sectional

b. historical

c. follow-up

d. None of the above would be acceptable.20 Final Examination GRM697 The Research Process 

85. Which quasi-experimental design is the one most often used?

a. pretest posttest control group design

b. multiple baseline design

c. nonequivalent control group design

d. static group comparison design

86. Single subject designs are useful because they ____________.

a. allow for an in-depth examination of specific behaviors

b. are used when the behavior on which the researcher is focusing is not very well 

defined in opera tional terms

c. allow for random assignment of participants into groups

d. have no threats to internal validity

87. When reviewing the problem and purpose sections of a research article, which of the 

following questions would be pertinent?

a. Is the review recent?

b. Are the hypotheses clearly stated?

c. Are the results related to the hypotheses?

d. Is the objective of the study clearly stated?

88. Which is NOT a primary area to evaluate when judging a research report?

a. the hypothesis

b. the answer

c. the problem and purpose

d. references

89. When selecting a dependent variable, you should consider all of the following EXCEPT:

a. the measure has been used before.

b. the validity of the measure has been established.

c. the measure comes with testing forms.

d. norms are available, when applicable.

90. In a research proposal, what should follow the literature review section?

a. appendices

b. literature review

c. implications and limitations

d. method21 Final Examination GRM697 The Research Process 

91. In a research proposal, what should follow the implications and limitations section?

a. appendices

b. literature review

c. implications and limitations

d. method 

92. Which section of the proposal contains information on the instrumentation used?

a. introduction

b. method

c. implications and limitations

d. literature review

93. What is the shortened title which appears at the top of each proposal page called?

a. an abstract

b. a running head

c. an introduction

d. a reference

94. Which section of a manuscript discusses the reliability of any tests that were used?

a. introduction

b. methods

c. results

d. discussion 

95. Which section of a manuscript discusses the general types of data analyses that were planned 

and used in the study?

a. introduction

b. abstract

c. results

d. method 

96. Which is a subsection found in the method section?

a. introduction

b. running head

c. results

d. data analysis 

97. What type of information may be contained in the appendices of a manuscript?

a. original data

b. author’s notes

c. references

d. both a and c

98. The hypothesis is most likely to appear at the end of which section of a manuscript?

a. introduction

b. methods

c. results

d. references

99. What guidelines do most journals in the social and behavioral sciences follow?

a. Index Medicus

b. American Psychological Association

c. Society of Psychiatric Journals

d. Modern Language Association

100. What material is included in the abstract?

a. a one-sentence statement of the purpose

b. tables showing results

c. a list of sources that were consulted during the research

d. discussion of the important relationships between past research, the purpose of the 

current study, the hypothesis and the results of the study

"Place your order now for a similar assignment and have exceptional work written by our team of experts, guaranteeing you A results."

Order Solution Now

Our Service Charter

1. Professional & Expert Writers: Eminence Papers only hires the best. Our writers are specially selected and recruited, after which they undergo further training to perfect their skills for specialization purposes. Moreover, our writers are holders of masters and Ph.D. degrees. They have impressive academic records, besides being native English speakers.

2. Top Quality Papers: Our customers are always guaranteed of papers that exceed their expectations. All our writers have +5 years of experience. This implies that all papers are written by individuals who are experts in their fields. In addition, the quality team reviews all the papers before sending them to the customers.

3. Plagiarism-Free Papers: All papers provided by Eminence Papers are written from scratch. Appropriate referencing and citation of key information are followed. Plagiarism checkers are used by the Quality assurance team and our editors just to double-check that there are no instances of plagiarism.

4. Timely Delivery: Time wasted is equivalent to a failed dedication and commitment. Eminence Papers are known for the timely delivery of any pending customer orders. Customers are well informed of the progress of their papers to ensure they keep track of what the writer is providing before the final draft is sent for grading.

5. Affordable Prices: Our prices are fairly structured to fit in all groups. Any customer willing to place their assignments with us can do so at very affordable prices. In addition, our customers enjoy regular discounts and bonuses.

6. 24/7 Customer Support: At Eminence Papers, we have put in place a team of experts who answer all customer inquiries promptly. The best part is the ever-availability of the team. Customers can make inquiries anytime.